Majority of manmade tile is made from clay or some sort of clay deposit mixture, these raw tiles are then kiln fired which seals and hardens them, these types of tile are considered to be ceramics. Ceramics can then be split into two different groups; porcelain tiles and non-porcelain tiles. Non-porcelain tiles are commonly known as ceramic tiles, the same tiles you see every day in your home.
These non-porcelain ceramic tiles will manly consist of a; red or white clay. They're easier to cut than porcelain and usually carry a PEI rating of 0 to 3 (see PEI Ratings above). ELEMENT uses ceramic tiles in a light to moderate traffic area, this is because of the possibility of wearing through the top film of the tile. The top film is a patterned pictured layer that sometimes does not match in color to its underlayment. The underlayment is typically clay and the top is a film (or pictured pattern), however with new technologies ceramic tile has become increasingly more durable for high traffic areas, but should always be installed according to its specifications. Ceramic tiles cost less than porcelain tiles, because of the lower grade in quality and PEI Rating; some ceramic tiles can look exactly like porcelain tiles and cannot be pointed out by the average person. It is only when the tile is turn upside down that you can see the difference in quality.
Porcelain tiles are typically made by compressing clays together, this extended process which helps in the tiles; density; imperviousness; tight graining and smooth top face. Porcelain tiles that are put through a process called Glazing are much harder, have more wear durability and damage-resistance than ceramic tiles, which would make them suitable for residential and/or commercial application. Porcelain tiles have the same color throughout the entire tile; this means that if the tile becomes scratched, it will be harder to notice than a ceramic tile which has a top film and a different underlayment color.
Glazing is the process in which tiles are coated with a protective agent that resists staining. This coating is a liquid glass that is typically baked onto the surface (top) of the clay tile. In addition the glaze also allows an unmatched variability of colors and designs, adding to the possibilities of many different choices. Whether it’s ceramic; porcelain; glazed; non-glazed; your kitchen or bathroom, ELEMENT can offer you an unlimited amount of choices in tiles, it’s up to you to make the right first choice, so allow ELEMENT to help you make the most suitable choices when considering your next kitchen and bathroom remodel.
Tiles that are baked in high temperature ovens using only clay and minerals are typically known as ceramic tiles. These tiles are very strong and durable tiles and are virtually maintenance-free. Using only a damp cloth, or by sweeping, along with mopping is all it takes to retain the new luster with these tile. Ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles are often used in the same applications, because both are made from clay and other raw materials, and are heated to over 2,000 degrees. These steps in kiln firing the tiles produce a dense tile with a hard glazed surface. The ceramic tile industry uses products in not only floors; but on interior and exterior walls, columns, countertops, tabletops, bathrooms, shower walls, kitchens, fireplaces, fountains and monuments. This product is a very hard and durable material, thus all of the possibilities and applications.
Porcelain tile is produced using a process called dust-pressing, this method involves compressing slightly damp porcelain clay between two forms. After the tiles are formed, they are allowed to dry completely before being fired in a kiln. This process produces a dense, fine-grained, smooth tile surface that has a very low water absorption rating, this makes it resistant to any frost issues and great for outdoor usage. Bacteria does not permeate porcelain tile, making it a great antibacterial material that is utilized best in; bathrooms, showers, laundry and kitchen areas. Glazed porcelain tiles are slip-resistant and practically scratchproof as well as extremely harder than the unglazed version.
Glass tile can either be used with new formed glass or recycled glass in which the glass is made into a multitude of finishes and sizes.
Glass Tiles are available in many different shapes including: tile squares, subway style bricks, ovals, round, pencil (stick) and a multitude of different mixed tile sizes and shapes also known as Mosaic tile.
When choosing the perfect backsplash or shower surround, it is important that not only the correct material is used, but the type of finish as well. In the case of glass there is a broad spectrum of different types of finishes like; tumbled glass (rustic), polished, glossy (smooth), matte, rippled (rainwater), and Iridescent (multicolor).
Depending on which style of glass tile you choose from, the application (or installation) may vary. These differences range from a single piece to multi pieces mounted on a thin layer of paper or netting. These differences can become important in the installation process, because of how long it takes to install a single piece versus a multi piece sheet. Having glass tile installed on your kitchen back splash, bathroom wall, shower wall, and shower floor would be the best applicable areas to install these tiles, because of its water resistant capabilities.
The lime in Limestone comes from seawater. Calcium carbonate, silica, clay, silt and sand are the components of limestone. Like Travertine, Limestone is calcium rich sedimentary rock, these tiles can come in brown, black, gray, white, pink (peach), and yellow. Limestone tiles are hard and can be exposed to the natural elements, but can be easily affected by the acids either in nature or in chemicals or liquids.
Continued layering of minerals, organic compounds and marine organisms compacted by immense pressure and high temperatures for millions of years help to form these stones. When choosing these types of tiles it is important to look for any fossils, bones, shells, and calcium deposits that give Limestone its enriched, earthy texture. If you’re looking for a tough durable material in tile form whether it’s indoors or outdoors, than Limestone would be a great selection. Allow ELEMENT to show you our large selection of Limestone tile, we carry contemporary, rustic, fossilized, glazed or natural.
Marble is a centuries old natural stone for counter-tops, flooring, walls, and sculpture, widely used in the Roman era. It is a metamorphic rock derived from Limestone and calcite, forming under incredible pressure and heat, this also increases its density, making it a very hard rock. Granite is most notably known for its polished glossy surface, crystallized graining and colored veining.
Modern uses of polished marble tiles include fireplace hearths, counter-tops, columns, bathroom vanities, spas and fountains, hallways and foyers. Tumbled Marble is marble that has been blasted or tumbled with water or oil, and the edges are sanded and slightly chipped, this process gives it a well-worn, non-glossy appearance. Whether you live in Glenn Mills or King of Prussia, you can expect that ELEMENT will guide you through the best possible options in choosing the right Marble for your next kitchen or bathroom remodeling project.
A mosaic tile backsplash will create an environment in your home that can warm any gathering. With the wide range of patterns, themes and colors available today, using mosaics has become even more popular now than previously before. A mosaic backsplash has become one on the most trendy was to express your style and creativity, and it is in the kitchen where you can find these types of tiles being used most in today’s market. Mosaic tiles whether it’s in a backsplash or on a shower wall, can accentuate the space and personalize the home or space’s theme.
The first step in choosing the right mosaic is to choose one that best expresses your room’s theme. After choosing the correct theme for your mosaic tiles it’s time to choose the right design, you can use a number of different designs to create the perfect expression in your remodeled area. Using a pictured tile in the middle of the mosaic design and some other patterned tiles bordering it, will greatly increase your tiling design and theme. You can truly turn your imagination into reality by mixing and matching both color and shapes when using mosaic tiles.
Creating a mosaic tile backsplash for your kitchen is not easy, and if you want to redecorate your kitchen by using a mosaic tile backsplash, then ELEMENT is the right place to start. At ELEMENT we have created many different custom designs suited for all types of styles and themes. From the Mainline to Downingtown, ELEMENT has what you need to selected the best suited design and theme for your next remodeling project.
This stone occurs all over the globe in very high quantities, this is why it is less expensive than most other choices in tiling. Slate tiles can be used as flooring, roof shingles, or even as a decorative designed backsplashes. At ELEMENT we like to mainly use slate tile in flooring situations, as this typically is the most common use. Slate comes in a vast array of styles and finishes. As you look at different samples of slate you will notice that not only the color will vary, but the finish will too. For example, you can select slate in a smooth textured finish or rough textured (most recognized), comes which is orange, gray, black, blue, green, red (rust tones), and brown. The color in Slate will often vein through the stone, and creates very original patterns only found in Slate. Whether it’s your kitchen or bathroom remodeling project, ELEMENT can guide you through the correct selections when choosing Slate tiles.
When you look at Travertine stone, have you ever wondered why it has sand like swirls in it? This is because Travertine is a sedimentary rock form by the accumulation and precipitation of calcite and carbonate minerals from springs, glaciers, oceans and rivers. Over millions of years heat and pressure compact the sediment deposits into layer formations. The succeeding layers build on the previous layers and the result is inconsistence in color and appearance. Travertine due to the chemical formation makes it quite porous and permeable; this is why you traditionally do not see it in bathrooms.
The introduction of minerals during this compacting formation gives Travertine its vast array in coloring. These minerals can give it colors such as an ivory, beige, deep walnut, cream, and a gold color. Red travertine tiles are due to iron rich minerals and cement or synthetic resins will cover any pores on Travertine tiles. Manufactures may not fill these voids to have a distinguished unpolished appearance, this look is called a honed (matte) finish, and is the most common finish for Travertine. Other types of tiles can come in; polished, brushed tumbled, or a textured surface finish for more of a rustic or vintage look.